Policy Briefs & Reports


We have created a number of policy briefs in association with UNICEF. They can be found here: External Link

All other policy briefs and working papers can be found below:

Policy Brief: Parenting for Lifelong Health for Young Children: Findings from a Randomized Trial in South Africa

Policy Brief: Parenting for Lifelong Health: Supporting Families in Low-Resource Settings

Policy Brief: Adolescent Health is Affected by Family Disadvantage and Abusive Parenting

Policy Brief:  ‘Cash plus care’ halves adolescent HIV-risk behaviours

Policy Brief: Parenting, Family Care and Adolescence in East and Southern Africa: An evidence-focused literature review

Policy Brief: Social protection can reduce HIV risk behaviours among adolescents

Policy Brief: Combination social protection improves adolescent ART-adherence

Policy Brief: Combination social protection reduces new HIV infections in adolescents

Policy Brief: Social Protection: Potential for improving HIV outcomes among adolescents

Policy Brief: Social Protection and the Sustainable Development Goals

Policy Brief: Combination social protection lowers unprotected sex in HIV-positive adolescents

Policy Brief: Adolescent pregnancy among sexually-active South African girls

Policy Brief: Combatting internalised HIV stigma - Urgent need for research evidence

Policy Brief: Cash transfers halve HIV-infection risk for adolescent girls

Policy Brief: Pathways from parental AIDS to psychological, education and HIV risks for children

Policy Brief: Abuse and extreme poverty drive increased transactional sex exploitation among AIDS-affected youth

Policy Brief: Long-term stigma, anxiety, and depression in HIV/AIDS-orphaned children

Policy Brief: Negative education impacts for children in AIDS-sick homes

Policy Brief: Psychological distress in youth with AIDS-sick caregivers

Policy Brief: TB in children with AIDS-affected caregivers

Policy Brief: Long-term mental health impacts of AIDS-orphanhood

Policy Brief: The protective role of social support for caregiver mental health

Policy Brief: Depression among caregivers of orphaned and vulnerable children

Policy Brief: PTSD among carergivers of orphaned and vulnerable children

Policy Brief: Positive parenting in families affected by HIV and AIDS

Policy Brief: Risk factors for severe physical and emotional child and adolescent abuse 

Policy Brief: Preventing child abuse and interpersonal violence in low- and middle-income countries: Parenting interventions

Policy Brief: HIV-status disclosure does not correlate to safer sex in adolescents 

Bray, R. (2012). Policy Brief: Evidence to support broad-based responses to children living with AIDS in the family.

Bray, R. (2012). Understanding norms and practices around care and illness: Where do children fit?

Bray, R. (2012). Charting the terrain of childhood, adult sickness, and care: Ethnographic research in a poor, peri-urban community affected by AIDS.

Working Paper: De Stone, S., Meinck, F., Sherr, L., Cluver, L., Doubt, J., Orkin, F.M., Kuo, C., Sharma, A.D., Hensels, I., Skeen, S., Redfern, A., Tomlinson, M. (2016). Factors Associated with Good and Harsh Parenting of Pre-Adolescents and Adolescents in Southern Africa, Innocenti Working Papers no. IWP_2016_20, UNICEF Office of Research - Innocenti, Florence

Peer-Reviewed Publications


Cluver, L, Orkin, M, Campeau, L, Toska, E, Sherr, L, Webb, D, Carlqvist, A (2019) Improving lives by accelerating progress towards the Sustainable Development Goals for adolescents living with HIV: a prospective analysis. The Lancet Child and Adolescent Health.

Meinck, F, Orkin, FM, Cluver, L (2019) Does free schooling affect pathways from adverse childhood experiences via mental health distress to HIV risk among adolescent girls in South Africa: a longitudinal moderated pathway model. Journal of the International AIDS Society.

Redfern, A, Steinert, J, Cluver, L (2019) Cost and cost-effectiveness of a parenting programme to prevent violence against adolescents in South Africa. BMJ Global Health.

Toska, E, Cluver, L, Orkin, M, Bains, A, Sherr, L, Berezin, M, Gulaid, L (in press) Screening and Supporting through Schools: educational experiences and needs of adolescents living with HIV in a South African cohort. BMC Public Health.

Orozco, V, Shen, F, Cluver, L (2019) The effectiveness of using entertainment education narratives to promote safer sexual behaviors of youth: A meta-analysis. PLOSOne.

Shenderovich, Y, Eisner, M, Murray, A, Cluver, L, Doubt, J, Majokweni, S, Berezin, M (in press) Delivering a parenting programme in South Africa: The impact of implementation on outcomes. Journal of Child and Family Studies.

Casale, M., Cluver, L., Pantelic, M., Toska, E., & Boyes, M. (2019). Suicidal thoughts and behaviour among South African adolescents living with HIV: can social support buffer the impact of stigma? Journal of Affective Disorders, 245, 82-90.


Cluver, L., Meinck, F., Steinert, J., Shenderovich, Y., Doubt, J., Romero, R.,..Gardner, F. (2018) Parenting for Lifelong Health: A pragmatic cluster randomised controlled trial of a non-commercialised parenting programme for adolescents and their families in South Africa. BMJ Global Health,

Cluver, L., Pantelic, M., Orkin, M., Toska, E., Medley, S., & Sherr, L. (2018). Sustainable Survival for adolescents living with HIV: do SDG-aligned provisions reduce potential mortality risk? Journal of the International AIDS Society

Cluver, L, Pantelic, M, Toska, E, Orkin, M, Casale, M, Sherr, L (2018). STACKing the odds for adolescent survival: Health service factors associated with retention in care and adherence amongst adolescents living with HIV in South Africa. Journal of the International AIDS Society.

Cluver, L., Meinck, F., Toska, E., Orkin, F., M., Hodes, R., & Sherr, L. (2018). Multitype violence exposures and adolescent antiretroviral nonadherence in South Africa. AIDS.

Hodes, R., Cluver, L., Toska, E., & Vale, B. (2018). Pesky Metrics: The challenges of measuring ART adherence among HIV-positive adolescents in South Africa. Critical Public Health.

Boyes, M., Cluver, L., Meinck., F., Casale, M., & Newnham, E. (2018). Mental health in South African adolescents living with HIV: Correlates of internalising and externalising symptoms. AIDS Care.

Rudgard, W, Carter, D, Scuffell, J, Cluver, L, Fraser-Hurt, N, Boccia, D (2018) Cash transfers to enhance TB control: Lessons from the global HIV response. BMC Public Health.

Shenderovich, Y, Eisner, M, Cluver, L, Doubt, J, Berezin, M, Majokweni, S, Murray, AL (2018). What affects attendance and engagement in a parenting program in South Africa? Prevention Science.

Hodes, R., Vale, B., Toska, E., Cluver, L., Dowse, R., & Ashorn, M. (2018). ‘Yummy or Crummy: The multisensory components of medicines-taking among HIV-positive youth. Global Public Health.

Parra-Cardona, R., Leitjen, P., Baumann, A., Mejia, A., Lachman, J., Buenabad, N., Cluver, L.,…Domenech Rodriguez, M. (2018). Strengthening a Culture of Prevention in Low- and Middle-Income Countries: Balancing Scientific Expectations and Contextual Realities. Prevention Science.

Steinert, J, Cluver, L, Meinck, F, Doubt, J, Vollmer, S (2018) Household Economic Strengthening through Saving and Budgeting: Evidence from a Field Experiment in South Africa. Journal of Development Economics

Meinck, F., Dunne, M., Cluver, L., Boyes, M., Schmidt, P., Ward, C., & De Stone, S. (2018). Adaptation and Psychometric Properties of the ISPCAN Child Abuse Screening Tool for use in Trials (ICAST-Trial) Among South African Adolescents and their Primary Caregivers. Child Abuse and Neglect.

Armstrong, A., Nagata, J. M., Vicari, M., Irvine, C., Cluver, L., Sohn, A. H.,…Penazzato, M. (2018). A Global Research Agenda for Adolescents Living With HIV. Journal of acquired immune deficiency syndromes

Cluver, L, Meinck, F, Steinert, J, Shenderovich, Y, Doubt, J, Romero, R, Lombard, C, Ward, C et al (2018) Parenting for Lifelong Health: A pragmatic cluster randomised controlled trial of a non-commercialised parenting programme for adolescents and their families in South Africa. BMJ Global Health.

Herrero Romero, R, Cluver, L, Hall, J, Meinck, F, Hinde, E (2018) How does exposure to violence affect school delay and academic motivation for adolescents living in socioeconomically disadvantaged communities in South Africa? Journal of Interpersonal violence.

Sherr, L., Toska, E., He, E., & Cluver, L. (2018). Differing psychological vulnerabilities among behaviourally and perinatally HIV infected adolescents in South Africa – Implications for targeted health service provision. AIDS Care.

Oliveras, C., Cluver, L., Bernays, S., & Armstrong, A. (2018). Nothing About Us Without RIGHTS- Meaningful Engagement of Children and Youth: From Research Prioritization to Clinical Trials, Implementation Science, and Policy. Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes.

Steinert, J., Zenker, J., Filipiak, U., Movsisyan, A., Cluver, L., & Shenderovich, Y. (2018). Do Saving Promotion Interventions Help Increase Household Savings, Consumption, and Investments in Sub-Saharan Africa? A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis. World Development.

Herrero-Romero, R., Hall, J., & Cluver, L. (2018). Exposure to violence, teacher support and school delay amongst adolescents in South Africa. British Journal of Educational Psychology.

Herrero Romero, R, Hall, J, Cluver, L., & Steinert, J, (2018). Socioeconomically disadvantaged adolescents and educational delay in two provinces in South Africa: Impacts of personal, family and school characteristics. Education as Change.

Herrero Romero, R., Hall, J., & Cluver, L. (2018). Can supportive parenting protect against school delay amongst violence-exposed adolescents in South Africa? Child Abuse & Neglect.

Kinghorn, Shanaube, Toska, Cluver, Gail-Bekker (2018) Defining adolescence – what are the priority issues from a global health perspective? Lancet Adolescent Health.

Cluver, L, Pantelic, M, Orkin, M, Toska, E, Medley, S, Sherr, L (2018) Sustainable Survival: Which SDGs protect against mortality risk for adolescents living with HIV? Journal of the International AIDS Society.

Hodes, R, Doubt, J, Toska, E, Vale, B, Zungu, N, Cluver, L (2018) The stuff that dreams are made of: using participatory research to explore interlinkages in HIV - positive adolescents’ aspirations for development. Journal of the International AIDS Society.

Hodes, R. & Morrell, R (2018). Incursions from the epicenter: Southern theory, social science, and the global HIV research domain. African Journal of AIDS Research.

Webb, D., Cluver, L., & Luo, C. (2018). Evolution or extinction? Paediatric and adolescent HIV responses in the Agenda 2030 era. Journal of the International AIDS Society


Sherr, L., & Cluver, L. (2017). World Health Day focus on HIV and depression – a comorbidity with specific challenges. Journal of the International AIDS Society, 20(1), 21956. doi: 10.7448/IAS.20.1.21956. 

Toska, E. Cluver, L. Pantelic, M. & Hodes, R. (2017). To know or not to know? HIV-status disclosure and protective sexual practices among adolescent girls and boys in South Africa. CSSR Working Paper No. 402. Cape Town: University of Cape Town.

Pantelic, M., Boyes, M., Cluver, L., & Meinck, F. (2017). HIV, violence, blame and shame: pathways of risk to internalized HIV stigma among South African adolescents living with HIV. Journal of the International AIDS Society, 20(1), 21771. doi: 10.7448/IAS.20.1.21771.

Natukunda, H., Cluver, L., Toska, E., Musiime, V., & Yakubovich, A. (2017). Beyond clinical trials: Cross-sectional associations of combination antiretroviral therapy with reports of multiple symptoms and non-adherence among adolescents in South Africa. South African Medical Journal, 107(11), 965-975. doi: 10.7196/SAMJ.2017.v107i11.12405.

Carty, CR., Hodes, R., Cluver, L., Bhardwaj S. (2017). Symptom or Sentiment?: Considerations for mHealth Interventions Designed for HIV+ Adolescents. In Proceedings of the 2017 International Conference on Digital Health Jul 2 2017, 227-228. doi: 10.1145/3079452.3079479.

Hodes, R. (2017). Too many rights? Reproductive freedom in post-apartheid South Africa’. CSSR Working Paper, No. 401. Cape Town: University of Cape Town. 

Hodes, R. Price, I. Bungane, N. Toska, E. & Cluver, L. (2017). How frontline healthcare workers respond to stock-outs of essential medicines in the Eastern Cape. South African Medical Journal 107(9): 738-740. doi: 10.7196/SAMJ.2017.v107i9.12476.

Vale, B., Hodes, R., Cluver, L. and Thabeng, M. (2017). Bureaucracies of Blood and Belonging: Documents, HIV-positive Youth and the State in South Africa. Development and Change, 48: 1287–1309. doi: 10.1111/dech.12341

Meinck, F., Fry, D., Ginindza, C., Wazny, K., Elizalde, A., Spreckelsen, T.F., Maternowska, M.C. & Dunne M.P. (2017) Emotional abuse of girls in Swaziland: prevalence, perpetrators, risk and protective factors and health outcomes. Journal of Global Health. 7(2): 1-2. doi: 10.7189/jogh.07.010410

Toska, E., Pantelic, M., Meinck, F., Keck, K., Haghighat, R. & Cluver, L. (2017) Sex in the shadow of HIV: A systematic review of prevalence, risk factors, and interventions to reduce sexual risk-taking among HIV-positive adolescents and youth in sub-Saharan Africa. PLoS ONE 12(6): e0178106. 

Woollett, N., Brahmbhatt, H., Dodd, K., Booth, M., Berman, H. & Cluver, L. (2017) Revealing the impact of loss: Exploring mental health through the use of drawing/writing with HIV positive adolescents in Johannesburg. Children and Youth Services Review.

Boyes, M., Berg, V. & Cluver, L. (2017) Poverty moderates the association between gender and school dropout in South African adolescents. Vulnerable Children and Youth Studies. DOI: 10.1080/17450128.2017.1308613

Ameli, V., Meinck, F., Munthali, A., Ushie, B. & Langhaug, L. (2017) Associations between adolescent experiences of violence in Malawi and gender-based attitudes, internalizing, and externalizing behaviors. Child Abuse & Neglect 67: 305–314

Woollett, N., Cluver, L., Bandeira, M. & Brahmbhatt, H. (2017) Identifying risks for mental health problems in HIV positive adolescents accessing HIV treatment in Johannesburg. Journal of Child & Adolescent Mental Health.pp: 1-7. DOI: 10.2989/17280583.2017.1283320

Radford, L., Lombard, N., Meinck, F., Katza, E. & Mahati, S. (2017) Researching violence with children: Experiences and lessons from the UK and South Africa. Families, Relationships and Societies. DOI: 

Meinck, F., Cluver, L.D., Loening-Voysey, H., Bray, R., Doubt, J., Casale, M. & Sherr L. (2017) Disclosure of physical, emotional and sexual child abuse, help-seeking and access to abuse response services in two South African Provinces. Psychology, Health & Medicine, DOI: 10.1080/13548506.2016.1271950

Sherr, L., Macedo, A., Cluver, L. D. , Meinck, F., Skeen, D., Hensels, I. S., Sherr, L. T. S., Roberts, K. J. & Tomlinson M. (2017) Parenting, the other oldest profession in the world – a cross-sectional study of parenting and child outcomes in South Africa and Malawi. Health Psychology and Behavioral Medicine. 5(1): 145-165. DOI: 10.1080/21642850.2016.1276459


Cooper, D. Harries, J. Moodley, J. Constant, D. Hodes, R. Mathews, C. & Hoffman, M. (2016). Coming of age? Women’s sexual and reproductive health after twenty-one years of democracy in South Africa. Reproductive Health Matters 24(48): 79–89. doi: 10.1016/j.rhm.2016.11.010.

Vale, B. (2016). Negotiations of Blame and Care among HIV‐positive Mothers and Daughters in South Africa's Eastern Cape. Medical Anthropology Quarterly. doi: 10.1111/maq.12351

Woollett, N., Cluver, L.D., Brahmnhatt, H. & Hatcher, A. (2016) "To be HIV positive is not the end of the world": Resilience amongst perinatally infected HIV positive adolescents in Johannesburg. Children and Youth Services Review. 70 268-275.

Kuo, C., Atujuna, M., Mathews, C., Stein, D., Hoare, J., Beardslee, W., Operario, D., Cluver, L. & Brown, L. (2016). Developing family interventions for adolescent HIV prevention in South Africa. AIDS Care. 28 (S1): 106–110

Tomlinson, M., Skeen, S., Marlow, M., Cluver, L., Cooper, P., Murray, L., Mofokeng, S., Morley, N., Makhetha, M., Gordon, S., Esterhuizen, T. & Sherr, L. (2016) Improving early childhood care and development, HIV testing, treatment and support, and nutrition in Mokhotlong, Lesotho: a cluster randomized control trial of an integrated intervention. Trials. 17:538

Cluver, L.D., Orkin, M., Yakubovich, A. & Sherr, L. (2016) Combination social protection for reducing HIV-risk behaviour amongst adolescents in South Africa. JAIDS. 72: 96-104

Steinert, J.I., Cluver, L.D., Melendez-Torres, G.J.& Volmer, S. (2016) One Size Fits All? The Validity of a Composite Poverty Index Across Urban and Rural Households in South Africa. Social Indicators Research. DOI: 10.1007/s11205-016-1540-x

Cluver, L., Meinck, F.,  Yakubovich, A., Doubt, J., Redfern, A., Ward, C., Salah, N., De Stone, S., Petersen, T., Mpimpilashe, P., Romero, R.H., Ncobo, L., Lachman, J., Tsoanyane, S., Shenderovich, Y., Loening, H., Byrne, J., Sherr, L., Kaplan, L., & Gardner, F. (2016) Reducing child abuse amongst adolescents in low- and middle-income countries: A pre-post trial in South Africa. BMC Public Health. 16:567

Sherr, L., Yakubovich, A.R., Skeen, S., Cluver, L.D., Hensels, I.S., Macedo, A. & Tomlinson, M. (2016) How Effective Is Help on the Doorstep? A Longitudinal Evaluation of Community-Based Organisation Support. PLoS ONE 11(3): e0151305. doi:10.1371/ journal.pone.0151305

Cluver, L. & Sherr, L. (2016). Cash transfers—magic bullet or fundamental ingredient?,  The Lancet Global Health, Vol. 4, No. 12, pp. e883-e884. DOI: 10.1016/S2214-109X(16)30295-9

Pantelic, M., Boyes, M., Cluver, L. & Thabeng M. (2016) ‘They Say HIV is a Punishment from God or from Ancestors’: Cross-Cultural Adaptation and Psychometric Assessment of an HIV Stigma Scale for South African Adolescents Living with HIV (ALHIV-SS). Child Indicators Research. pp. 1-17

Meinck, F., Cluver, L.D., Orkin, F.M., Kuo, C., Sharma, A.D., Hensels, I.S. & Sherr, L. (2016) Pathways From Family Disadvantage via Abusive Parenting and Caregiver Mental Health to Adolescent Health Risks in South Africa. Journal of Adolescent Health. 1-8

Cluver, L.D., Orkin, F.M., Meinck F., Boyes, M.E., Yakubovich, A.R. & Sherr, L. (2016) Can Social Protection Improve Sustainable Development Goals for Adolescent Health? PLoS ONE 11(10): e0164808. 

Yakubovich. A.R., Cluver, L.D. & Gie. R. (2016) Are socioeconomic conditions associated with asthma prevalence, severity, and treatment access? A cross-sectional study of children living in low-income South African communities. J Epidemiol Community Health. 70:A20-A21.

Toska, E., Cluver, L.D., Boyes, M.E., Isaacsohn, M., Hodes, R. & Sherr L. (2016) School, Supervision and Adolescent-Sensitive Clinic Care: Combination Social Protection and Reduced Unprotected Sex Among HIV-Positive Adolescents in South Africa. AIDS and Behavior. 1-14

Cluver, L.D., Meinck, F., Shenderovich, Y., Ward, C.L., Romero, R.H., Redfern A., Lombard, C., Doubt, J., Steinert, J.I., Catanho, R., Wittesaele, C., Stone, S., Salah, N., Mpimpilashe, P., Lachman, J., Loening, H., Gardner, F., Blanc, D., Nocuza, M., & Lechowicz, M. (2016) A parenting programme to prevent abuse of adolescents in South Africa: study protocol for a randomised controlled trial. Trials. 17(328) 

Hodes, R. & Morrell, R. (2016) South African Social Science in the Global HIV/AIDS Knowledge Domain. CSSR Working Paper No. 382 (University of Cape Town).

Hodes, R. (2016) The Culture of Illegal Abortion in South Africa. Journal of Southern African Studies. 42(1): 79-93

Mejia, A., Leijten, P., Lachman, J.M. & Parra-Cardona, J.R. (2016) Different Strokes for Different Folks? Contrasting Approaches to Cultural Adaptation of Parenting Interventions. Prevention Science.

Toska, E., Gittings, L., Hodes, R., Cluver, L.D., Govender, K., Chademana, K.E. & Gutiérrez, V.E. (2016) Resourcing resilience: social protection for HIV prevention amongst children and adolescents in Eastern and Southern Africa. African Journal of AIDS Research. 15(2): 123-140

Nattrass, N., Hodes, R. & Cluver, L. (2016) Changing Donor Funding and the Challenges of Integrated HIV Treatment. Journal of Ethics. 18(7): 681-690.

Hodes, R., Toska, E. & Gittings, L. (2016) Babies for bling: Are teenage girls having children to access grants?. HIV Nursing Matters.

Cluver, L. D., Toska, E., Orkin, F. M., Meinck, F., Hodes, R., Yakubovich, A. R. & Sherr L. (2016) Achieving equity in HIV-treatment outcomes: can social protection improve adolescent ART-adherence in South Africa?. AIDS Care, 28:sup2, 73-82

Vale, B. & Thabeng, M. (2016) Redeeming Lost Mothers: Adolescent Antiretroviral Treatment and the Making of Home in South Africa. Medical Anthropology. DOI: 10.1080/01459740.2016.1145218

Yakubovich, A.R., Sherr, L., Cluver, L.D., Skeen, S., Hensels, I.S., Macedo, A. & Tomlinson, M. (2016) Community-based organizations for vulnerable children in South Africa: Reach, psychosocial correlates, and potential mechanisms. Children and Youth Services Review. 62: 58-64

Cluver, L.D., Lachman, J.M., Ward, C.L., Gardner, F, Petersen, T, Hutchings, J.M., Mikton, C., Meinck, F., Tsoanyane, S., Doubt, J., Boyes, M. & Redfern, A. (2016). Development of a Parenting Support Program to Prevent Abuse of Adolescents in South Africa: Findings from a Pilot Pre-Post Study. Research on Social Work Practice. 26:1-9.

Lachman, J.M., Sherr, L., Cluver, L., Ward, C., Hutchings, J. & Gardner, F. (2016). Integrating Evidence and Context to Develop a Parenting Program for Low-Income Families in South Africa. Journal of Child and Family Studies. 1-16.

Meinck, F., Cluver, L., Boyes, M. & Loening-Voysey, H. (2016). Physical, emotional and sexual adolescent abuse victimisation in South Africa: prevalence, incidence, perpetrators and locations. Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health. 1-7.

Shenderovich, Y., Eisner, M., Mikton, C., Gardner, F., Liu, J., & Murray, J. (2016) Methods for conducting systematic reviews of risk factors in low- and middle-income countries. BMC Medical Research Methodology. 16: 32.

Yakubovich, A.R., Cluver, L.D. & Gie, R. (2016) Socioeconomic factors associated with asthma prevalence and severity among children living in low-income South African communities. The South African Medical Journal. 106(4): 404-412.

Cluver, L.D., Orkin, F.M., Meinck, F., Boyes, M.E. & Sherr, L. (2016) Structural drivers and social protection: mechanisms of HIV risk and HIV prevention for South African adolescents. Journal of the International AIDS Society. 19:20646

Lachman, J.M., Kelly, J., Cluver, L.D.,  Ward, C.L., Hutchings, J. & Gardner, F. (2016) Process Evaluation of a Parenting Program for Low-Income Families in South Africa. Research on Social Work Practice. (Published online before print) 1-5

Steinert, J.I., Cluver, L.D., Melendez-Torres, G.J. & Romero, R.H. (2016) Relationships between poverty and AIDS Illness in South Africa: an investigation of urban and rural households in KwaZulu-Natal, Global Public Health. (Published online before print)


Vale, B. & Thabeng, M. (2015) Mobilising AID(S)?: Contesting HIV as a Social and Economic Resource among Youth in South Africa's Eastern Cape. Journal of Southern African Studies. 41(4): 797-813

Casale, M. & Gibbs, A. (2015) Gender Differences in Sources and Availability of Social Support among South African Caregivers of Children. South African Review of Sociology. 46(4):  100-125

Cluver, L., Hodes, R, Sherr, L, Orkin, M, Meinck, F, Ken, P, Winder-Rossi, N, Wolfe, J, Vicari, M. (2015) Social Protection: Potential for Improving HIV Outcomes Among Adolescents. Journal of the International AIDS Society. 18 (Suppl 6): 20260

Toska, E., Cluver, L., Hodes, R., Kidia, K. (2015). Sex and secrecy: How HIV-Status Disclosure Affects Safe Sex Among HIV-Positive Adolescents. AIDS Care. 27 (1): 47-58

Li, X, Chi, P, Sherr, L, Cluver L, Stanton, B (2015). Psychological Resilience Among Children Affected by Parental HIV/AIDS: A Conceptual Framework. Health Psychology and Behavioral Medicine. 3(1): 217-235.

Casale, M, Wild, L, Kuo, C, Cluver, L (2015). Social support as a protective factor for depression among women caring for children in HIV-endemic South Africa. Journal of Behavioral Medicine. 38:17-27.

Collishaw, S, Gardner, F, Aber, JL, Cluver, L (2015). Predictors of Mental Health Resilience in Children who Have Been Parentally Bereaved by AIDS in Urban South Africa. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology. 

Meinck, F,  Cluver, L, Boyes, M (2015). Longitudinal Predictors of Child Sexual Abuse in a Large Community-Based Sample of South African Youth. Journal of Interpersonal Violence

Gardner, F, Waller, R, Maughan, B, Cluver, L, Boyes, M (2015). What are the Risk Factors for Antisocial Behavior Among Low-income Youth in Cape Town?. Social Development. 24(4): 798-814.

Cluver, L, Hodes, R, Toska, E, Kidia, K, Orkin, M, Sherr, L, Meinck, F (2015). ‘HIV is like a tsotsi. ARVs are your guns’: Associations between HIV-disclosure and adherence to antiretroviral treatment among adolescents in South Africa. AIDS. 29(Suppl 1): S57-S65.

Cluver, L, Orkin, M, Boyes, M, Sherr, L (2015). Child and adolescent suicide attempts, suicidal behavior and Adverse Childhood Experiences in South Africa: a prospective study. Journal of Adolescent Health.

Meinck, F, Cluver, L, Boyes, M (2015) Household illness, poverty and physical and emotional child abuse victimisation: Findings from South Africa's first prospective cohort study. BMC Public Health. 15: 444

Boyes, M, Cluver, L (2015). Relationships Between Familial HIV/AIDS & Symptoms of Anxiety & Depression: The Mediating Effect of Bullying Victimization in a Prospective Sample of South African Children. Journal of Youth & Adolescence. 44: 847-859. (IF 2.3)

Skeen, S, Tomlinson, M, Ward, C, Cluver, L & Lachman, J (2015) Early intervention: a foundation for lifelong violence prevention. South African Crime Quarterly. 51: 5-7.

Sharer, M, Cluver, L; Shields, J (2015). Mental Health of Youth Orphaned due to HIV in South Africa:  Biological and Supportive Links to Caregivers. J Vulnerable Children and Youth Studies. 10(2): 141-152.

Hudelson, C & Cluver, L (2015) Factors Associated With Adherence to Antiretroviral Therapy Among Adolescents Living in Low- and Middle-Income Countries: A Systematic Review. 27(7): 805-816.

Toska, E, Cluver, L, Boyes, M, Pantelic, M & Kuo, C (2015). From “sugar daddies” to “sugar babies”: Quantitatively testing the pathway between inequitable sexual relationships, condom use, and adolescent pregnancy in South Africa. Sexual Health (IF 1.4).

Pantelic, M, Shenderovich, Y, Cluver, L & Boyes, M (2015) Predictors of internalised HIV-related stigma: A systematic review of studies in Sub-Saharan Africa. Health Psychology Review. (IF 6.7)

Waller, R, Gardner, F, Maughan, B, Cluver, L, Boyes, M (2015) What are the risk factors for antisocial behavior among low-income youth in Cape Town? Social Development. 19: 629-636. (IF 1.4)

Casale, M; Cluver, L; Crankshaw, T, Kuo, C, Lachman, J, Wild, L. (2015). Direct and indirect effects of caregiver social support on child psychological outcomes in South Africa. American Journal of Community Psychology. 55: 336-346. (IF1.9)

Becker, E, Kuo, C, Cluver, L, Operario, D & Moshabela, M (2015) Measuring child awareness for adult symptomatic HIV using a verbal assessment tool: Concordance between adult-child dyads on adult HIV symptoms. Sexually Transmitted Infections. (IF 3.1)

Lane, T, Cluver, L, Operario, D (2015). Young carers in South Africa: Tasks undertaken by children in households affected by HIV-infection & other illness. Vulnerable Children & Youth Studies. 10(1): 55-66. (journal awaiting IF)

Meinck, F., Cluver, L., Boyes, M. E., & Mhlongo, E. (2015). Risk and protective factors for physical, emotional, and sexual abuse of children and adolescents in Africa: A literature review and implications for practice. Trauma, Violence, and Abuse. (IF 2.9)


Cluver, L, Orkin, M, Boyes, M, Sherr, L (2014) Cash plus care: social protection cumulatively mitigates HIV-risk behaviour among adolescents in South Africa. AIDS. S389-97. (IF 6.6).

Waller, R, Gardner, F, Cluver, L (2014). Shared & unique predictors of antisocial substance use behavior among a nationally representative sample of South African youth. Aggression & Violent Behavior (IF 2.1).

Sherr, L, Cluver, L, Desmond, C, Richter, L, Kellerman, S, Betancourt, T (2014). Evidence of impact: Health, psychological & social effects of adult HIV on children. AIDS. S251-9. (IF 6.6)

Anstey-Watkins, J, Sello, M, Cluver, L, Boyes, M, Kaplan, L (2014) At school I got myself a certificate": HIV/AIDS orphanhood and secondary education: A qualitative study of risk and protective factors. Global Social Welfare. Volume 1, (3) p111-121. (journal awaiting IF)

Boyes, M, Cluver, L, Bowes, L, Ward, C, Badock, N (2014) Bullying victimisation, internalising symptoms, and conduct problems in South African children adolescents: A longitudinal investigation. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology. 42(8):1313-24 (IF 3.2)

Pantelic, M, Cluver, L, Boyes, M, Toska, E, Kuo, C, Moshabela, M (2014) Medical pluralism predicts non-ART use among parents in need of ART: A community survey in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa. AIDS and Behavior. Epub ahead of print. (IF 3.3)

Ward, C L, Mikton, C, Cluver, L, Cooper, P, Gardner, P, Hutchings, J, McLaren Lachman, J, Muray, L, Tomlinson, M, Wessels, I M (2014) Parenting for Lifelong Health: from South Africa to other low and middle income countries. Early Childhood Matters. (journal awaiting IF) 

Kuo, C, Cluver, L, Casale, M, Lane, T (2014) Cumulative effects of HIV illness and caring for children orphaned by AIDS on anxiety symptoms among adults caring for children in HIV-endemic South Africa. AIDS Patient Care and STDs. 28(6):318-26 (IF3.6)

Casale, M, Wild, L, Kuo, C & Cluver, L (2014) The relationship between social support and anxiety among caregivers of children in HIV-endemic South Africa. Psychology, Health and Medicine. 19(4):490-503 (IF1.5)

Kidia, K, Mupambireyi Z, Cluver, L, Ndhlovu, C, Borok, M, Ferrand, R (2014). HIV Status Disclosure to Perinatally-Infected Adolescents in Zimbabwe: A Qualitative Study of Adolescent and Healthcare Worker Perspectives. PLOS One. DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0087322. (IF 3.5).

Lachman, J, Cluver L, & Boyes, M (2014) Positive Parenting for positive parents: HIV/AIDS, poverty, child behaviour and parenting in South Africa. AIDS Care. 26(3):304-13. (IF 2.2)

Orkin, M., Boyes, M., Cluver, L., & Zhang, Y (2014). Pathways to poor educational outcomes for HIV/AIDS-affected children in South Africa. AIDS Care. 26(3):343-50 (IF 2.2)


Cluver, L, Boyes, M, Orkin, M, Pantelic, M, Molwena, T & Sherr, L (2013) Child-focused state cash transfers and adolescent HIV-infection risks: A prospective multi-site study in South Africa. The Lancet: Global Health. 1. E362-70. (no IF as new journal. Lancet IF 39.2)

Cluver, L, Orkin, M, Boyes, M, Sherr, L, Nikelo, J & Makhasi, D (2013). Pathways from parental AIDS to child psychological, educational and sexual risk: Developing an empirically-based interactive theoretical model. Social Science and Medicine, 87. 185-193. (IF 2.6)

Meinck, F, Cluver, L, Boyes, M & Ndhlovu, L (2013) Risk and protective factors for physical and emotional child abuse in vulnerable populations in South Africa. Child Abuse Review.  (IF 0.8)

Cluver, L, Boyes, M, Orkin, M, & Sherr, L (2013) Poverty, AIDS and Child Health: Identifying highest-risk children in Southern Africa. South African Medical Journal. 103 (12) 910-5. (IF 1.7)

Cluver, L, Orkin, M, Moshabela, M, Kuo, C, Boyes, M (2013) The hidden harm of Home-Based Care: Pulmonary tuberculosis symptoms among children providing home medical care to HIV/AIDS-affected adults in South Africa. AIDS Care. 25 (6) 748-55. (IF 2.2)

Casale, M, Lane, T, Sello, L, Kuo, C and Cluver, L (2013) Conducting health survey research in a deep rural South African community:  challenges and adaptive strategies. Health Research Policy and Systems. 11 (14). (IF 1.9)

Boyes, M.E., Cluver, L. (2013) Relationships among HIV/AIDS-orphanhood, stigma, and symptoms of anxiety and depression in South African youth: A longitudinal investigation using a path analysis framework. Clinical Psychological Science. 1. 323-330. (journal awaiting IF)

Boyes, M, Mason, S, & Cluver, L (2013). Validation of a brief stigma-by-association scale for use with HIV/AIDS-affected youth in South Africa. AIDS Care. 25(2), 215-222 (IF 2.2)

Knerr, W, Gardner, F & Cluver, L (2013). Improving positive parenting skills and reducing harsh and abusive parenting and increasing positive parenting in low- and middle-income countries: a systematic review. Prevention Science. 14 (4) 352-65 (IF 2.8)

Kuo, C, Reddy, M, Operario, D, Cluver, L, Stein, D (2013) Posttraumatic stress symptoms amongst adults caring for orphaned children in HIV-endemic South Africa. AIDS and Behavior. 17(5):1755-63 (IF 3.3)

Boyes, M. E. & Cluver, L. (2013). Performance of the Revised Children's Manifest Anxiety Scale in a sample of children and adolescents from poor urban communities in Cape Town. European Journal of Psychological Assessment. 29 (2) 113-120. (IF 1.3)


Cluver, L, Orkin, M, Boyes, M & Gardner, F (2012) ‘AIDS-orphanhood and caregiver HIV/AIDS sickness status: effects on psychological symptoms in South African youth’ Journal of Pediatric Psychology. (IF 2.5)

Cluver, L, Orkin, M, Boyes, M & Gardner, F (2012) Persisting mental health problems among AIDS-orphaned children in South Africa. Journal of Child Psychiatry & Psychology. 53 (4) 363-370. (IF 5.7)

Cluver, L, Operario, D, Lane, T, Kganakga, M (2012). Educational shortfalls among ‘Young Carers’ in the South African AIDS Epidemic. Journal of Adolescent Research 27(5) 581-605. (IF 1.2)

Boyes, M. E., Cluver, L., & Gardner F. (2012). The Child PTSD Checklist in a South African sample: Reliability, convergent validity, and an examination of PTSD symptom structure. Plos One, 7, e46905. (IF 3.5)

Kuo, C, Operario, D & Cluver. L (2012) Depression amongst carers of AIDS-orphaned and other children in Umlazi Township, South Africa. Global Public Health. 7(3) 253-69. (IF 1.2).


Cluver, L, Orkin, M, Boyes, M, Gardner, F, & Meinck, F (2011) ‘Transactional Sex amongst AIDS-orphaned and AIDS-Affected Adolescents Predicted by Abuse and Extreme Poverty’. JAIDS 58 (3) 336-43 (IF 4.4)

Operario, D, Underhill, K, Chuong, C, Cluver, L. (2011) HIV infection and sexual risk behaviour among youth who have experienced orphanhood: systematic review and meta-analysis. Journal of the International AIDS Society, 14, 25. (IF 4.2)


Cluver, L & Orkin, M (2009). Cumulative risk and AIDS-orphanhood: Interactions of stigma, bullying and poverty on child mental health in South Africa. Social Science and Medicine. 69 (8) 1186-1193 (IF 2.6)

Cluver, L, Bowes, L & Gardner, F (2010). Risk and protective factors for bullying victimisation among AIDS-affected and vulnerable children in South Africa. Child Abuse & Neglect, 34 793-803 (IF 2.1)

Cluver, L, Finch, D & Seedat, S (2009). Posttraumatic Stress in AIDS-Orphaned Children Exposed to High Levels of Trauma: The Protective Role of Perceived Social Support. Journal of Traumatic Stress, 22 (2) 106-113. (IF 2.1)

Cluver, L, Gardner, F & Operario, D (2009). Poverty and psychological health among AIDS orphaned children in Cape Town, South Africa. AIDS Care 21 (6) 732-741 (IF 2.2)

Cluver, L, Gardner, F & Operario, D (2009). Parental illness, caregiving factors and psychological distress among children orphaned by acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) in South Africa. 4(3)185-199. (journal awaiting IF)


Cluver, L, Gardner, F & Operario, D (2008) Effects of stigma on the mental health of adolescents orphaned by AIDS. Journal of Adolescent Health 42 (4) 410-418. (IF 2.7).

Cluver, L & Operario (2008) Review: Intergenerational linkages of AIDS: Vulnerability of orphaned children for HIV-infection. Institute of Dev. Studies Bulletin, 39(5) 28-35 (IF 0.4)

Operario, D, Cluver, L, Pettifor, A, MacPhail, C and Rees, H (2008) Orphanhood and Completion of Compulsory School Education Among Young People in South Africa. Journal of Research on Adolescence 18(1), 173-186. (IF 2.5)

Cluver, L, Gardner, F & Operario, D (2007). Psychological distress amongst AIDS-orphaned children in urban South Africa. Journal of Child Psychiatry & Psychology & Allied Disciplines 48(8) 755-763 (IF 4.4)

Cluver, L & Gardner, F (2007). The Mental Health of Children orphaned by AIDS: A review of International Research. Journal of Child & Adolescent Mental Health 19(1)1-17. IF 0.9)

Cluver, L. & Gardner, F. (2007) Risk and protective factors for well-being of children orphaned by AIDS in South Africa: a qualitative study of children’s views. AIDS Care 19(3) 318-325. (IF 2.2)

Cluver, L. & Gardner, F. (2006) Psychological well-being of children orphaned by AIDS in Cape Town. South Africa Annals of General Psychiatry. 5, 8. BioMed Press. (IF 1.5)

Operario, D, Pettifor, A, Cluver, L, MacPhail, C & Rees, H (2007), Prevalence of Parental Death among young people in South Africa & Risk for HIV Infection: Results from a National Representative Sample. J. of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes (JAIDS) 44, 93-98. (IF 4.4)

Noble, M, Wright, G and Cluver, L (2006) Developing a child focussed and multi-dimensional model of child poverty for South Africa. Journal of Children and Poverty, 12 (1) 39-53. (no IF).