Policy Briefs & Reports


We have created a number of policy briefs in association with UNICEF. They can be found here: External Link

All other policy briefs and working papers can be found below:

Policy Brief: Adolescent Health is Affected by Family Disadvantage and Abusive Parenting

Policy Brief:  ‘Cash plus care’ halves adolescent HIV-risk behaviours

Policy Brief: Parenting, Family Care and Adolescence in East and Southern Africa: An evidence-focused literature review

Policy Brief: Social protection can reduce HIV risk behaviours among adolescents

Policy Brief: Combination social protection improves adolescent ART-adherence

Policy Brief: Combination social protection reduces new HIV infections in adolescents

Policy Brief: Social Protection: Potential for improving HIV outcomes among adolescents

Policy Brief: Social Protection and the Sustainable Development Goals

Policy Brief: Combination social protection lowers unprotected sex in HIV-positive adolescents

Policy Brief: Adolescent pregnancy among sexually-active South African girls

Policy Brief: Combatting internalised HIV stigma - Urgent need for research evidence

Policy Brief: Cash transfers halve HIV-infection risk for adolescent girls

Policy Brief: Pathways from parental AIDS to psychological, education and HIV risks for children

Policy Brief: Abuse and extreme poverty drive increased transactional sex exploitation among AIDS-affected youth

Policy Brief: Long-term stigma, anxiety, and depression in HIV/AIDS-orphaned children

Policy Brief: Negative education impacts for children in AIDS-sick homes

Policy Brief: Psychological distress in youth with AIDS-sick caregivers

Policy Brief: TB in children with AIDS-affected caregivers

Policy Brief: Long-term mental health impacts of AIDS-orphanhood

Policy Brief: The protective role of social support for caregiver mental health

Policy Brief: Depression among caregivers of orphaned and vulnerable children

Policy Brief: PTSD among carergivers of orphaned and vulnerable children

Policy Brief: Positive parenting in families affected by HIV and AIDS

Policy Brief: Risk factors for severe physical and emotional child and adolescent abuse 

Policy Brief: Preventing child abuse and interpersonal violence in low- and middle-income countries: Parenting interventions

Policy Brief: HIV-status disclosure does not correlate to safer sex in adolescents 

Bray, R. (2012). Policy Brief: Evidence to support broad-based responses to children living with AIDS in the family.

Bray, R. (2012). Understanding norms and practices around care and illness: Where do children fit?

Bray, R. (2012). Charting the terrain of childhood, adult sickness, and care: Ethnographic research in a poor, peri-urban community affected by AIDS.

Working Paper: De Stone, S., Meinck, F., Sherr, L., Cluver, L., Doubt, J., Orkin, F.M., Kuo, C., Sharma, A.D., Hensels, I., Skeen, S., Redfern, A., Tomlinson, M. (2016). Factors Associated with Good and Harsh Parenting of Pre-Adolescents and Adolescents in Southern Africa, Innocenti Working Papers no. IWP_2016_20, UNICEF Office of Research - Innocenti, Florence

Peer-Reviewed Publications


Kinghorn, Shanaube, Toska, Cluver, Gail-Bekker (2018) Defining adolescence – what are the priority issues from a global health perspective? Lancet Adolescent Health.

Cluver, L, Pantelic, M, Orkin, M, Toska, E, Medley, S, Sherr, L (2018) Sustainable Survival: Which SDGs protect against mortality risk for adolescents living with HIV? Journal of the International AIDS Society.

Hodes, R, Doubt, J, Toska, E, Vale, B, Zungu, N, Cluver, L (2018) The stuff that dreams are made of: using participatory research to explore interlinkages in HIV - positive adolescents’ aspirations for development. Journal of the International AIDS Society.

Hodes, R. & Morrell, R (2018). Incursions from the epicenter: Southern theory, social science, and the global HIV research domain. African Journal of AIDS Research.


Sherr, L., & Cluver, L. (2017). World Health Day focus on HIV and depression – a comorbidity with specific challenges. Journal of the International AIDS Society, 20(1), 21956. doi: 10.7448/IAS.20.1.21956. 

Toska, E. Cluver, L. Pantelic, M. & Hodes, R. (2017). To know or not to know? HIV-status disclosure and protective sexual practices among adolescent girls and boys in South Africa. CSSR Working Paper No. 402. Cape Town: University of Cape Town.

Pantelic, M., Boyes, M., Cluver, L., & Meinck, F. (2017). HIV, violence, blame and shame: pathways of risk to internalized HIV stigma among South African adolescents living with HIV. Journal of the International AIDS Society, 20(1), 21771. doi: 10.7448/IAS.20.1.21771.

Natukunda, H., Cluver, L., Toska, E., Musiime, V., & Yakubovich, A. (2017). Beyond clinical trials: Cross-sectional associations of combination antiretroviral therapy with reports of multiple symptoms and non-adherence among adolescents in South Africa. South African Medical Journal, 107(11), 965-975. doi: 10.7196/SAMJ.2017.v107i11.12405.

Carty, CR., Hodes, R., Cluver, L., Bhardwaj S. (2017). Symptom or Sentiment?: Considerations for mHealth Interventions Designed for HIV+ Adolescents. In Proceedings of the 2017 International Conference on Digital Health Jul 2 2017, 227-228. doi: 10.1145/3079452.3079479.

Hodes, R. (2017). Too many rights? Reproductive freedom in post-apartheid South Africa’. CSSR Working Paper, No. 401. Cape Town: University of Cape Town. 

Hodes, R. Price, I. Bungane, N. Toska, E. & Cluver, L. (2017). How frontline healthcare workers respond to stock-outs of essential medicines in the Eastern Cape. South African Medical Journal 107(9): 738-740. doi: 10.7196/SAMJ.2017.v107i9.12476.

Vale, B., Hodes, R., Cluver, L. and Thabeng, M. (2017). Bureaucracies of Blood and Belonging: Documents, HIV-positive Youth and the State in South Africa. Development and Change, 48: 1287–1309. doi: 10.1111/dech.12341

Meinck, F., Fry, D., Ginindza, C., Wazny, K., Elizalde, A., Spreckelsen, T.F., Maternowska, M.C. & Dunne M.P. (2017) Emotional abuse of girls in Swaziland: prevalence, perpetrators, risk and protective factors and health outcomes. Journal of Global Health. 7(2): 1-2. doi: 10.7189/jogh.07.010410

Toska, E., Pantelic, M., Meinck, F., Keck, K., Haghighat, R. & Cluver, L. (2017) Sex in the shadow of HIV: A systematic review of prevalence, risk factors, and interventions to reduce sexual risk-taking among HIV-positive adolescents and youth in sub-Saharan Africa. PLoS ONE 12(6): e0178106. 

Woollett, N., Brahmbhatt, H., Dodd, K., Booth, M., Berman, H. & Cluver, L. (2017) Revealing the impact of loss: Exploring mental health through the use of drawing/writing with HIV positive adolescents in Johannesburg. Children and Youth Services Review.

Boyes, M., Berg, V. & Cluver, L. (2017) Poverty moderates the association between gender and school dropout in South African adolescents. Vulnerable Children and Youth Studies. DOI: 10.1080/17450128.2017.1308613

Ameli, V., Meinck, F., Munthali, A., Ushie, B. & Langhaug, L. (2017) Associations between adolescent experiences of violence in Malawi and gender-based attitudes, internalizing, and externalizing behaviors. Child Abuse & Neglect 67: 305–314

Woollett, N., Cluver, L., Bandeira, M. & Brahmbhatt, H. (2017) Identifying risks for mental health problems in HIV positive adolescents accessing HIV treatment in Johannesburg. Journal of Child & Adolescent Mental Health.pp: 1-7. DOI: 10.2989/17280583.2017.1283320

Radford, L., Lombard, N., Meinck, F., Katza, E. & Mahati, S. (2017) Researching violence with children: Experiences and lessons from the UK and South Africa. Families, Relationships and Societies. DOI:

Meinck, F., Cluver, L.D., Loening-Voysey, H., Bray, R., Doubt, J., Casale, M. & Sherr L. (2017) Disclosure of physical, emotional and sexual child abuse, help-seeking and access to abuse response services in two South African Provinces. Psychology, Health & Medicine, DOI: 10.1080/13548506.2016.1271950

Sherr, L., Macedo, A., Cluver, L. D. , Meinck, F., Skeen, D., Hensels, I. S., Sherr, L. T. S., Roberts, K. J. & Tomlinson M. (2017) Parenting, the other oldest profession in the world – a cross-sectional study of parenting and child outcomes in South Africa and Malawi. Health Psychology and Behavioral Medicine. 5(1): 145-165. DOI: 10.1080/21642850.2016.1276459


Cooper, D. Harries, J. Moodley, J. Constant, D. Hodes, R. Mathews, C. & Hoffman, M. (2016). Coming of age? Women’s sexual and reproductive health after twenty-one years of democracy in South Africa. Reproductive Health Matters 24(48): 79–89. doi: 10.1016/j.rhm.2016.11.010.

Vale, B. (2016). Negotiations of Blame and Care among HIV‐positive Mothers and Daughters in South Africa's Eastern Cape. Medical Anthropology Quarterly. doi: 10.1111/maq.12351

Woollett, N., Cluver, L.D., Brahmnhatt, H. & Hatcher, A. (2016) "To be HIV positive is not the end of the world": Resilience amongst perinatally infected HIV positive adolescents in Johannesburg. Children and Youth Services Review. 70 268-275.

Kuo, C., Atujuna, M., Mathews, C., Stein, D., Hoare, J., Beardslee, W., Operario, D., Cluver, L. & Brown, L. (2016). Developing family interventions for adolescent HIV prevention in South Africa. AIDS Care. 28 (S1): 106–110

Tomlinson, M., Skeen, S., Marlow, M., Cluver, L., Cooper, P., Murray, L., Mofokeng, S., Morley, N., Makhetha, M., Gordon, S., Esterhuizen, T. & Sherr, L. (2016) Improving early childhood care and development, HIV testing, treatment and support, and nutrition in Mokhotlong, Lesotho: a cluster randomized control trial of an integrated intervention. Trials. 17:538

Cluver, L.D., Orkin, M., Yakubovich, A. & Sherr, L. (2016) Combination social protection for reducing HIV-risk behaviour amongst adolescents in South Africa. JAIDS. 72: 96-104

Steinert, J.I., Cluver, L.D., Melendez-Torres, G.J.& Volmer, S. (2016) One Size Fits All? The Validity of a Composite Poverty Index Across Urban and Rural Households in South Africa. Social Indicators Research. DOI: 10.1007/s11205-016-1540-x

Cluver, L., Meinck, F.,  Yakubovich, A., Doubt, J., Redfern, A., Ward, C., Salah, N., De Stone, S., Petersen, T., Mpimpilashe, P., Romero, R.H., Ncobo, L., Lachman, J., Tsoanyane, S., Shenderovich, Y., Loening, H., Byrne, J., Sherr, L., Kaplan, L., & Gardner, F. (2016) Reducing child abuse amongst adolescents in low- and middle-income countries: A pre-post trial in South Africa. BMC Public Health. 16:567

Sherr, L., Yakubovich, A.R., Skeen, S., Cluver, L.D., Hensels, I.S., Macedo, A. & Tomlinson, M. (2016) How Effective Is Help on the Doorstep? A Longitudinal Evaluation of Community-Based Organisation Support. PLoS ONE 11(3): e0151305. doi:10.1371/ journal.pone.0151305

Cluver, L. & Sherr, L. (2016). Cash transfers—magic bullet or fundamental ingredient?,  The Lancet Global Health, Vol. 4, No. 12, pp. e883-e884. DOI: 10.1016/S2214-109X(16)30295-9

Pantelic, M., Boyes, M., Cluver, L. & Thabeng M. (2016) ‘They Say HIV is a Punishment from God or from Ancestors’: Cross-Cultural Adaptation and Psychometric Assessment of an HIV Stigma Scale for South African Adolescents Living with HIV (ALHIV-SS). Child Indicators Research. pp. 1-17

Meinck, F., Cluver, L.D., Orkin, F.M., Kuo, C., Sharma, A.D., Hensels, I.S. & Sherr, L. (2016) Pathways From Family Disadvantage via Abusive Parenting and Caregiver Mental Health to Adolescent Health Risks in South Africa. Journal of Adolescent Health. 1-8

Cluver, L.D., Orkin, F.M., Meinck F., Boyes, M.E., Yakubovich, A.R. & Sherr, L. (2016) Can Social Protection Improve Sustainable Development Goals for Adolescent Health? PLoS ONE 11(10): e0164808. 

Yakubovich. A.R., Cluver, L.D. & Gie. R. (2016) Are socioeconomic conditions associated with asthma prevalence, severity, and treatment access? A cross-sectional study of children living in low-income South African communities. J Epidemiol Community Health. 70:A20-A21.

Toska, E., Cluver, L.D., Boyes, M.E., Isaacsohn, M., Hodes, R. & Sherr L. (2016) School, Supervision and Adolescent-Sensitive Clinic Care: Combination Social Protection and Reduced Unprotected Sex Among HIV-Positive Adolescents in South Africa. AIDS and Behavior. 1-14

Cluver, L.D., Meinck, F., Shenderovich, Y., Ward, C.L., Romero, R.H., Redfern A., Lombard, C., Doubt, J., Steinert, J.I., Catanho, R., Wittesaele, C., Stone, S., Salah, N., Mpimpilashe, P., Lachman, J., Loening, H., Gardner, F., Blanc, D., Nocuza, M., & Lechowicz, M. (2016) A parenting programme to prevent abuse of adolescents in South Africa: study protocol for a randomised controlled trial. Trials. 17(328) 

Hodes, R. & Morrell, R. (2016) South African Social Science in the Global HIV/AIDS Knowledge Domain. CSSR Working Paper No. 382 (University of Cape Town).

Hodes, R. (2016) The Culture of Illegal Abortion in South Africa. Journal of Southern African Studies. 42(1): 79-93

Mejia, A., Leijten, P., Lachman, J.M. & Parra-Cardona, J.R. (2016) Different Strokes for Different Folks? Contrasting Approaches to Cultural Adaptation of Parenting Interventions. Prevention Science.

Toska, E., Gittings, L., Hodes, R., Cluver, L.D., Govender, K., Chademana, K.E. & Gutiérrez, V.E. (2016) Resourcing resilience: social protection for HIV prevention amongst children and adolescents in Eastern and Southern Africa. African Journal of AIDS Research. 15(2): 123-140

Nattrass, N., Hodes, R. & Cluver, L. (2016) Changing Donor Funding and the Challenges of Integrated HIV Treatment. Journal of Ethics. 18(7): 681-690.

Hodes, R., Toska, E. & Gittings, L. (2016) Babies for bling: Are teenage girls having children to access grants?. HIV Nursing Matters.

Cluver, L. D., Toska, E., Orkin, F. M., Meinck, F., Hodes, R., Yakubovich, A. R. & Sherr L. (2016) Achieving equity in HIV-treatment outcomes: can social protection improve adolescent ART-adherence in South Africa?. AIDS Care, 28:sup2, 73-82

Vale, B. & Thabeng, M. (2016) Redeeming Lost Mothers: Adolescent Antiretroviral Treatment and the Making of Home in South Africa. Medical Anthropology. DOI: 10.1080/01459740.2016.1145218

Yakubovich, A.R., Sherr, L., Cluver, L.D., Skeen, S., Hensels, I.S., Macedo, A. & Tomlinson, M. (2016) Community-based organizations for vulnerable children in South Africa: Reach, psychosocial correlates, and potential mechanisms. Children and Youth Services Review. 62: 58-64

Cluver, L.D., Lachman, J.M., Ward, C.L., Gardner, F, Petersen, T, Hutchings, J.M., Mikton, C., Meinck, F., Tsoanyane, S., Doubt, J., Boyes, M. & Redfern, A. (2016). Development of a Parenting Support Program to Prevent Abuse of Adolescents in South Africa: Findings from a Pilot Pre-Post Study. Research on Social Work Practice. 26:1-9.

Lachman, J.M., Sherr, L., Cluver, L., Ward, C., Hutchings, J. & Gardner, F. (2016). Integrating Evidence and Context to Develop a Parenting Program for Low-Income Families in South Africa. Journal of Child and Family Studies. 1-16.

Meinck, F., Cluver, L., Boyes, M. & Loening-Voysey, H. (2016). Physical, emotional and sexual adolescent abuse victimisation in South Africa: prevalence, incidence, perpetrators and locations. Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health. 1-7.

Shenderovich, Y., Eisner, M., Mikton, C., Gardner, F., Liu, J., & Murray, J. (2016) Methods for conducting systematic reviews of risk factors in low- and middle-income countries. BMC Medical Research Methodology. 16: 32.

Yakubovich, A.R., Cluver, L.D. & Gie, R. (2016) Socioeconomic factors associated with asthma prevalence and severity among children living in low-income South African communities. The South African Medical Journal. 106(4): 404-412.

Cluver, L.D., Orkin, F.M., Meinck, F., Boyes, M.E. & Sherr, L. (2016) Structural drivers and social protection: mechanisms of HIV risk and HIV prevention for South African adolescents. Journal of the International AIDS Society. 19:20646

Lachman, J.M., Kelly, J., Cluver, L.D.,  Ward, C.L., Hutchings, J. & Gardner, F. (2016) Process Evaluation of a Parenting Program for Low-Income Families in South Africa. Research on Social Work Practice. (Published online before print) 1-5

Steinert, J.I., Cluver, L.D., Melendez-Torres, G.J. & Romero, R.H. (2016) Relationships between poverty and AIDS Illness in South Africa: an investigation of urban and rural households in KwaZulu-Natal, Global Public Health. (Published online before print)


Vale, B. & Thabeng, M. (2015) Mobilising AID(S)?: Contesting HIV as a Social and Economic Resource among Youth in South Africa's Eastern Cape. Journal of Southern African Studies. 41(4): 797-813

Casale, M. & Gibbs, A. (2015) Gender Differences in Sources and Availability of Social Support among South African Caregivers of Children. South African Review of Sociology. 46(4):  100-125

Cluver, L., Hodes, R, Sherr, L, Orkin, M, Meinck, F, Ken, P, Winder-Rossi, N, Wolfe, J, Vicari, M. (2015) Social Protection: Potential for Improving HIV Outcomes Among Adolescents. Journal of the International AIDS Society. 18 (Suppl 6): 20260

Toska, E., Cluver, L., Hodes, R., Kidia, K. (2015). Sex and secrecy: How HIV-Status Disclosure Affects Safe Sex Among HIV-Positive Adolescents. AIDS Care. 27 (1): 47-58

Li, X, Chi, P, Sherr, L, Cluver L, Stanton, B (2015). Psychological Resilience Among Children Affected by Parental HIV/AIDS: A Conceptual Framework. Health Psychology and Behavioral Medicine. 3(1): 217-235.

Casale, M, Wild, L, Kuo, C, Cluver, L (2015). Social support as a protective factor for depression among women caring for children in HIV-endemic South Africa. Journal of Behavioral Medicine. 38:17-27.

Collishaw, S, Gardner, F, Aber, JL, Cluver, L (2015). Predictors of Mental Health Resilience in Children who Have Been Parentally Bereaved by AIDS in Urban South Africa. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology. 

Meinck, F,  Cluver, L, Boyes, M (2015). Longitudinal Predictors of Child Sexual Abuse in a Large Community-Based Sample of South African Youth. Journal of Interpersonal Violence

Gardner, F, Waller, R, Maughan, B, Cluver, L, Boyes, M (2015). What are the Risk Factors for Antisocial Behavior Among Low-income Youth in Cape Town?. Social Development. 24(4): 798-814.

Cluver, L, Hodes, R, Toska, E, Kidia, K, Orkin, M, Sherr, L, Meinck, F (2015). ‘HIV is like a tsotsi. ARVs are your guns’: Associations between HIV-disclosure and adherence to antiretroviral treatment among adolescents in South Africa. AIDS. 29(Suppl 1): S57-S65.

Cluver, L, Orkin, M, Boyes, M, Sherr, L (2015). Child and adolescent suicide attempts, suicidal behavior and Adverse Childhood Experiences in South Africa: a prospective study. Journal of Adolescent Health.

Meinck, F, Cluver, L, Boyes, M (2015) Household illness, poverty and physical and emotional child abuse victimisation: Findings from South Africa's first prospective cohort study. BMC Public Health. 15: 444

Boyes, M, Cluver, L (2015). Relationships Between Familial HIV/AIDS & Symptoms of Anxiety & Depression: The Mediating Effect of Bullying Victimization in a Prospective Sample of South African Children. Journal of Youth & Adolescence. 44: 847-859. (IF 2.3)

Skeen, S, Tomlinson, M, Ward, C, Cluver, L & Lachman, J (2015) Early intervention: a foundation for lifelong violence prevention. South African Crime Quarterly. 51: 5-7.

Sharer, M, Cluver, L; Shields, J (2015). Mental Health of Youth Orphaned due to HIV in South Africa:  Biological and Supportive Links to Caregivers. J Vulnerable Children and Youth Studies. 10(2): 141-152.

Hudelson, C & Cluver, L (2015) Factors Associated With Adherence to Antiretroviral Therapy Among Adolescents Living in Low- and Middle-Income Countries: A Systematic Review. 27(7): 805-816.

Toska, E, Cluver, L, Boyes, M, Pantelic, M & Kuo, C (2015). From “sugar daddies” to “sugar babies”: Quantitatively testing the pathway between inequitable sexual relationships, condom use, and adolescent pregnancy in South Africa. Sexual Health (IF 1.4).

Pantelic, M, Shenderovich, Y, Cluver, L & Boyes, M (2015) Predictors of internalised HIV-related stigma: A systematic review of studies in Sub-Saharan Africa. Health Psychology Review. (IF 6.7)

Waller, R, Gardner, F, Maughan, B, Cluver, L, Boyes, M (2015) What are the risk factors for antisocial behavior among low-income youth in Cape Town? Social Development. 19: 629-636. (IF 1.4)

Casale, M; Cluver, L; Crankshaw, T, Kuo, C, Lachman, J, Wild, L. (2015). Direct and indirect effects of caregiver social support on child psychological outcomes in South Africa. American Journal of Community Psychology. 55: 336-346. (IF1.9)

Becker, E, Kuo, C, Cluver, L, Operario, D & Moshabela, M (2015) Measuring child awareness for adult symptomatic HIV using a verbal assessment tool: Concordance between adult-child dyads on adult HIV symptoms. Sexually Transmitted Infections. (IF 3.1)

Lane, T, Cluver, L, Operario, D (2015). Young carers in South Africa: Tasks undertaken by children in households affected by HIV-infection & other illness. Vulnerable Children & Youth Studies. 10(1): 55-66. (journal awaiting IF)

Meinck, F., Cluver, L., Boyes, M. E., & Mhlongo, E. (2015). Risk and protective factors for physical, emotional, and sexual abuse of children and adolescents in Africa: A literature review and implications for practice. Trauma, Violence, and Abuse. (IF 2.9)


Cluver, L, Orkin, M, Boyes, M, Sherr, L (2014) Cash plus care: social protection cumulatively mitigates HIV-risk behaviour among adolescents in South Africa. AIDS. S389-97. (IF 6.6).

Waller, R, Gardner, F, Cluver, L (2014). Shared & unique predictors of antisocial substance use behavior among a nationally representative sample of South African youth. Aggression & Violent Behavior (IF 2.1).

Sherr, L, Cluver, L, Desmond, C, Richter, L, Kellerman, S, Betancourt, T (2014). Evidence of impact: Health, psychological & social effects of adult HIV on children. AIDS. S251-9. (IF 6.6)

Anstey-Watkins, J, Sello, M, Cluver, L, Boyes, M, Kaplan, L (2014) At school I got myself a certificate": HIV/AIDS orphanhood and secondary education: A qualitative study of risk and protective factors. Global Social Welfare. Volume 1, (3) p111-121. (journal awaiting IF)

Boyes, M, Cluver, L, Bowes, L, Ward, C, Badock, N (2014) Bullying victimisation, internalising symptoms, and conduct problems in South African children adolescents: A longitudinal investigation. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology. 42(8):1313-24 (IF 3.2)

Pantelic, M, Cluver, L, Boyes, M, Toska, E, Kuo, C, Moshabela, M (2014) Medical pluralism predicts non-ART use among parents in need of ART: A community survey in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa. AIDS and Behavior. Epub ahead of print. (IF 3.3)

Ward, C L, Mikton, C, Cluver, L, Cooper, P, Gardner, P, Hutchings, J, McLaren Lachman, J, Muray, L, Tomlinson, M, Wessels, I M (2014) Parenting for Lifelong Health: from South Africa to other low and middle income countries. Early Childhood Matters. (journal awaiting IF) 

Kuo, C, Cluver, L, Casale, M, Lane, T (2014) Cumulative effects of HIV illness and caring for children orphaned by AIDS on anxiety symptoms among adults caring for children in HIV-endemic South Africa. AIDS Patient Care and STDs. 28(6):318-26 (IF3.6)

Casale, M, Wild, L, Kuo, C & Cluver, L (2014) The relationship between social support and anxiety among caregivers of children in HIV-endemic South Africa. Psychology, Health and Medicine. 19(4):490-503 (IF1.5)

Kidia, K, Mupambireyi Z, Cluver, L, Ndhlovu, C, Borok, M, Ferrand, R (2014). HIV Status Disclosure to Perinatally-Infected Adolescents in Zimbabwe: A Qualitative Study of Adolescent and Healthcare Worker Perspectives. PLOS One. DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0087322. (IF 3.5).

Lachman, J, Cluver L, & Boyes, M (2014) Positive Parenting for positive parents: HIV/AIDS, poverty, child behaviour and parenting in South Africa. AIDS Care. 26(3):304-13. (IF 2.2)

Orkin, M., Boyes, M., Cluver, L., & Zhang, Y (2014). Pathways to poor educational outcomes for HIV/AIDS-affected children in South Africa. AIDS Care. 26(3):343-50 (IF 2.2)


Cluver, L, Boyes, M, Orkin, M, Pantelic, M, Molwena, T & Sherr, L (2013) Child-focused state cash transfers and adolescent HIV-infection risks: A prospective multi-site study in South Africa. The Lancet: Global Health. 1. E362-70. (no IF as new journal. Lancet IF 39.2)

Cluver, L, Orkin, M, Boyes, M, Sherr, L, Nikelo, J & Makhasi, D (2013). Pathways from parental AIDS to child psychological, educational and sexual risk: Developing an empirically-based interactive theoretical model. Social Science and Medicine, 87. 185-193. (IF 2.6)

Meinck, F, Cluver, L, Boyes, M & Ndhlovu, L (2013) Risk and protective factors for physical and emotional child abuse in vulnerable populations in South Africa. Child Abuse Review.  (IF 0.8)

Cluver, L, Boyes, M, Orkin, M, & Sherr, L (2013) Poverty, AIDS and Child Health: Identifying highest-risk children in Southern Africa. South African Medical Journal. 103 (12) 910-5. (IF 1.7)

Cluver, L, Orkin, M, Moshabela, M, Kuo, C, Boyes, M (2013) The hidden harm of Home-Based Care: Pulmonary tuberculosis symptoms among children providing home medical care to HIV/AIDS-affected adults in South Africa. AIDS Care. 25 (6) 748-55. (IF 2.2)

Casale, M, Lane, T, Sello, L, Kuo, C and Cluver, L (2013) Conducting health survey research in a deep rural South African community:  challenges and adaptive strategies. Health Research Policy and Systems. 11 (14). (IF 1.9)

Boyes, M.E., Cluver, L. (2013) Relationships among HIV/AIDS-orphanhood, stigma, and symptoms of anxiety and depression in South African youth: A longitudinal investigation using a path analysis framework. Clinical Psychological Science. 1. 323-330. (journal awaiting IF)

Boyes, M, Mason, S, & Cluver, L (2013). Validation of a brief stigma-by-association scale for use with HIV/AIDS-affected youth in South Africa. AIDS Care. 25(2), 215-222 (IF 2.2)

Knerr, W, Gardner, F & Cluver, L (2013). Improving positive parenting skills and reducing harsh and abusive parenting and increasing positive parenting in low- and middle-income countries: a systematic review. Prevention Science. 14 (4) 352-65 (IF 2.8)

Kuo, C, Reddy, M, Operario, D, Cluver, L, Stein, D (2013) Posttraumatic stress symptoms amongst adults caring for orphaned children in HIV-endemic South Africa. AIDS and Behavior. 17(5):1755-63 (IF 3.3)

Boyes, M. E. & Cluver, L. (2013). Performance of the Revised Children's Manifest Anxiety Scale in a sample of children and adolescents from poor urban communities in Cape Town. European Journal of Psychological Assessment. 29 (2) 113-120. (IF 1.3)


Cluver, L, Orkin, M, Boyes, M & Gardner, F (2012) ‘AIDS-orphanhood and caregiver HIV/AIDS sickness status: effects on psychological symptoms in South African youth’ Journal of Pediatric Psychology. (IF 2.5)

Cluver, L, Orkin, M, Boyes, M & Gardner, F (2012) Persisting mental health problems among AIDS-orphaned children in South Africa. Journal of Child Psychiatry & Psychology. 53 (4) 363-370. (IF 5.7)

Cluver, L, Operario, D, Lane, T, Kganakga, M (2012). Educational shortfalls among ‘Young Carers’ in the South African AIDS Epidemic. Journal of Adolescent Research 27(5) 581-605. (IF 1.2)

Boyes, M. E., Cluver, L., & Gardner F. (2012). The Child PTSD Checklist in a South African sample: Reliability, convergent validity, and an examination of PTSD symptom structure. Plos One, 7, e46905. (IF 3.5)

Kuo, C, Operario, D & Cluver. L (2012) Depression amongst carers of AIDS-orphaned and other children in Umlazi Township, South Africa. Global Public Health. 7(3) 253-69. (IF 1.2).


Cluver, L, Orkin, M, Boyes, M, Gardner, F, & Meinck, F (2011) ‘Transactional Sex amongst AIDS-orphaned and AIDS-Affected Adolescents Predicted by Abuse and Extreme Poverty’. JAIDS 58 (3) 336-43 (IF 4.4)

Operario, D, Underhill, K, Chuong, C, Cluver, L. (2011) HIV infection and sexual risk behaviour among youth who have experienced orphanhood: systematic review and meta-analysis. Journal of the International AIDS Society, 14, 25. (IF 4.2)


Cluver, L & Orkin, M (2009). Cumulative risk and AIDS-orphanhood: Interactions of stigma, bullying and poverty on child mental health in South Africa. Social Science and Medicine. 69 (8) 1186-1193 (IF 2.6)

Cluver, L, Bowes, L & Gardner, F (2010). Risk and protective factors for bullying victimisation among AIDS-affected and vulnerable children in South Africa. Child Abuse & Neglect, 34 793-803 (IF 2.1)

Cluver, L, Finch, D & Seedat, S (2009). Posttraumatic Stress in AIDS-Orphaned Children Exposed to High Levels of Trauma: The Protective Role of Perceived Social Support. Journal of Traumatic Stress, 22 (2) 106-113. (IF 2.1)

Cluver, L, Gardner, F & Operario, D (2009). Poverty and psychological health among AIDS orphaned children in Cape Town, South Africa. AIDS Care 21 (6) 732-741 (IF 2.2)

Cluver, L, Gardner, F & Operario, D (2009). Parental illness, caregiving factors and psychological distress among children orphaned by acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) in South Africa. 4(3)185-199. (journal awaiting IF)


Cluver, L, Gardner, F & Operario, D (2008) Effects of stigma on the mental health of adolescents orphaned by AIDS. Journal of Adolescent Health 42 (4) 410-418. (IF 2.7).

Cluver, L & Operario (2008) Review: Intergenerational linkages of AIDS: Vulnerability of orphaned children for HIV-infection. Institute of Dev. Studies Bulletin, 39(5) 28-35 (IF 0.4)

Operario, D, Cluver, L, Pettifor, A, MacPhail, C and Rees, H (2008) Orphanhood and Completion of Compulsory School Education Among Young People in South Africa. Journal of Research on Adolescence 18(1), 173-186. (IF 2.5)

Cluver, L, Gardner, F & Operario, D (2007). Psychological distress amongst AIDS-orphaned children in urban South Africa. Journal of Child Psychiatry & Psychology & Allied Disciplines 48(8) 755-763 (IF 4.4)

Cluver, L & Gardner, F (2007). The Mental Health of Children orphaned by AIDS: A review of International Research. Journal of Child & Adolescent Mental Health 19(1)1-17. IF 0.9)

Cluver, L. & Gardner, F. (2007) Risk and protective factors for well-being of children orphaned by AIDS in South Africa: a qualitative study of children’s views. AIDS Care 19(3) 318-325. (IF 2.2)

Cluver, L. & Gardner, F. (2006) Psychological well-being of children orphaned by AIDS in Cape Town. South Africa Annals of General Psychiatry. 5, 8. BioMed Press. (IF 1.5)

Operario, D, Pettifor, A, Cluver, L, MacPhail, C & Rees, H (2007), Prevalence of Parental Death among young people in South Africa & Risk for HIV Infection: Results from a National Representative Sample. J. of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes (JAIDS) 44, 93-98. (IF 4.4)

Noble, M, Wright, G and Cluver, L (2006) Developing a child focussed and multi-dimensional model of child poverty for South Africa. Journal of Children and Poverty, 12 (1) 39-53. (no IF).